Native Americans & Settlers
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The Reservations

Chief Stinking Bear
"Chief Stinking Bear, a leader of the friendly Indians at the Pine Ridge Agency S.D.", Jan 1st 1891, Chadron Neb.
Courtesy L.Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, MSS P 16 Item 163
Throughout this early homesteading period, conflicts between native tribes and white settlers set the stage for the final confinement of Indians on reservations. The Pawnee, the Sioux, the Cheyenne, the Omaha ... all of the tribes were eventually forced to live on reservations either outside of Nebraska or on small plots of land within the territory. The Omaha, Winnebago and Santee Sioux settled in northeast Nebraska. The Pawnee, Ponca, Cheyenne, Oto and Missouri tribes were all removed to Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma.

By 1878, the Lakota, Brule and Ogalala Sioux had been moved from their Nebraska agencies to reservations in South Dakota. So, life for the Native American on the Great Plains in the mid to late 1800s was one of increasing conflict with the white man for space, loss of their traditional lands, and the gradual destruction of their way of life.

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